September 11, 2015
Intro to media studies Winter 2016 (Trent in Durham) seminar group #1
Trent in Durham – Television Studies – Fall 2015 – Group 1
Edge of Darkness book is on 3-day reserve at Trent in Durham Library
Stephen Lacey on THE COPS – BBC 2 (1998-2001) produced by Tony Garnett
Trent in Durham – Media & Society – FW 2015-16
Melanie, Adrian, Merna, Aaritah, Cheryl Celeste, Tevon, Michael Amanda, Patrick
Emily, Katie, Amanda, name, Dane, Matthew, name, Connor
Trent University in Durham – Mass Media & War – Fall 2015
Jillian, Emily, Emma, Brendan, Emily W., Stephen Ashley, Tristan, India, name, Haroon, Trent, Rabiah, name, Katrina, Brtiney, Thilina, Tharsan, Sheryl
Deanna, Chris, Billie, name, Erin, Mel
Homer Bigart, “A Month After the Atomic Bomb,” New York Herald Tribune, Sept 5, 1945. Homer Bigart on Hiroshima
Raymond Williams, “Distance” (1982) Raymond Williams on Falklands War
April 12, 2015
CUST 1535H: Introduction to Media Studies
Trent in Durham
Professor: Alan O’Connor
CUST 1535H is an introduction to media studies that starts with students’ own experiences of contemporary media. It seeks to give students an understanding of these media and how they emerged. The course leads into second-year courses in the history and theory of media, in changing media practices, and in digital culture.
Seminar: attendance 5% and participation 5% (total 10%).
Media Diary: Write down all your uses of media for 24 hours. Then write a 200-word introduction commenting on your diary (due week 2 – 20%).
Research on mobile phones: Summarize the Pew Research Center findings about on how people use mobile technology. Then write 200 words about what you find interesting or surprising. Online at: http://www.pewinternet.org/fact-sheets/mobile-technology-fact-sheet/ (due week 4 – 20%)
Article Review: Write a summary of the argument of a scholarly article* on this course outline. Then write 500 words to explain why you agree or disagree with the reading (due week 6 – 20%).
Essay: Write a 1,000 word essay starting from one of these books, but going on to discuss what you think are the central issues raised by the book (due week 12 – 30%). All are available online:
- Danah Boyd, It’s Complicated online: http://www.danah.org/books/ItsComplicated.pdf
- Katrin Weller and others eds., Twitter and Society online: http://nancybaym.com/TwitterandSociety.pdf
- Snickars and Vonderau eds. The You Tube Reader online: http://www.kb.se/dokument/aktuellt/audiovisuellt/youtubereader/youtube_reader_052009_endversion.pdf
- Mizuko Ito and others, Hanging Out, Messing Around and Geeking Out online: https://mitpress.mit.edu/sites/default/files/titles/free_download/9780262013369_Hanging_Out.pdf
- Cory Doctorow, For the Win online: http://craphound.com/ftw/download/
- Shawn Micallef, The Trouble with Brunch. Trent Library e-book.
Week 1: Introduction: media as experience, technology and industry. Evgeny Morozov, “Socialize the Data Centres!” New Left Review 91 (Jan-Feb 2015). Online at: http://newleftreview.org/II/91/evgeny-morozov-socialize-the-data-centres
Week 2: Breaking up on Facebook *Ilana Gershon, “Unfriend my Heart,” Anthropological Quarterly 84(4) Fall 2011. Trent Library e-journal; Ilana Gershon, The Breakup 2.0: Disconnecting over New Media (2010); Danah Boyd, It’s Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens (2010)
Week 3: Youth and mobile phones Leslie Hadon, “Young people’s diverse use of multimedia mobile phones” (2008). Online at http://www.lse.ac.uk/media@lse/whoswho/academicstaff/lesliehaddon/icapanelhaddon.pdf Manuel Castells, Mobile Communication and Society (2009). Ch. 4 “The Mobile Youth Culture.” Pew Research Center, U.S. Smart Phone Use in 2015. Online at: http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/04/01/us-smartphone-use-in-2015/
Week 4: Twitter and the riots James Ball and Paul Lewis, “Twitter and the riots, The Guardian Dec. 11, 2011. Online: http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2011/dec/07/twitter-riots-how-news-spread The Guardian / London School of Economics, Reading the Riots. Online at http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/46297/1/Reading%20the%20riots(published).pdf *Rob Proctor and others, “Reading the riots on Twitter,” International Journal of Social Research Methodology 16(3) 2013. Trent Library e-journal; *Farida Vis and others, “Twitpic-ing the riots: analysing images shared on Twitter during the 2011 UK riots.” in Katrin Weller and others eds. Twitter and Society (2013). Online at: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/79098/8/WRRO_79098.pdf *Eszter Hargittai and Eden Litt, “The tweet smell of celebrity success: Explaining variation in Twitter adoption among a diverse group of young adults.” New Media and Society 13(5) 2011. Online at http://www.webuse.org/pdf/HargittaiLitt-TwitterAdoptionNMSPreprint.pdf
Week 5: YouTube Jean Burgess and Joshua Green, YouTube: Online Video and Participatory Culture (2009) Ch. 3. Online at http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic989302.files/WEEK%2011%20-%20NOVEMBER%2028/Burgess%20and%20Green%20-%20Youtubes%20Popular%20Culture.pdf *Janet Wasko and Mary Erickson, “The Political Economy of You Tube,” in The You Tube Reader. Online: http://web.mit.edu/uricchio/Public/television/wasko%20youtube.pdf
Week 6: The Daily Show *Geoffrey Baym, “The Daily Show,” Political Communication 22: 259-276 (2005). Trent Library e-journal; *Geoffrey Baym, “Political Interviews on The Daily Show,” The Communication Review 10: 93-114 (2007). Trent Library e-journal; *Baumgartner and Morris, “The Daily Show Effect,” American Politics Research 34(3) 2006. Trent Library e-journal.
Week 7: Online games Cory Doctorow, For the Win (2010). Teen fiction available online; *Lin Zhang and Anthony YH Fung, “Working as playing? Consumer labor, guild and the secondary industry of online gaming in China,” New Media and Society 16(1) 2014. Trent Library e-journal; Tom Boellstorff, Coming of Age in Second Life (2008). Trent Library printed book; Krystina Derrickson, “Second Life and the Sacred: Islamic Space in a Virtual World” (2008). Online at http://www.digitalislam.eu/article.do?articleId=1877
Week 8: Watching TV William Uricchio, “The Future of a Medium Once Known as Television,” in The You Tube Reader. Online at http://web.mit.edu/uricchio/Public/pdfs/pdfs/Future%20of%20a%20Media.pdf *Matt Hills, “From the Box in the Corner to the Box Set on the Shelf,” New Review of Film and Television Studies 5(1) 2007. Trent Library e-journal.
Week 9: Listening in the car *J. Martin Daughtry, “Acoustic Palimpsests and the Politics of Listening,” Music & Politics (Winter 2013). Online at: http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/mp/9460447.0007.101/–acoustic-palimpsests-and-the-politics-of-listening?rgn=main;view=fulltext *Richard Berry, Will the iPod Kill the Radio Star? Profiling Podcasting as Radio. Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies 12(2), 2006. Online at: http://tonisellas.cat/wp-content/uploads/2007/01/ipod_kill_radio.pdf
Week 10: Surveillance Alan Rusbridger, “The Snowden Leaks and the Public,” New York Review of Books, Nov 21, 2013. Online at: http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2013/nov/21/snowden-leaks-and-public/ Lauren Regan, “Electronic Communications Surveillance,” Monthly Review, July-August 2014. Online at: http://monthlyreview.org/2014/07/01/electronic-communications-surveillance/ Ronald J. Deibert, Black Code: Surveillance, Privacy, and the Dark Side of the Internet (2013)
Week 11: Nice work Margaret Talbot, “Stealing Life: The Crusader behind The Wire, New Yorker Oct 22, 2007. Online: http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2007/10/22/stealing-life *Andrew Ross, “The New Geography of Work: Power to the Precarious?” (2008). Online: http://www.e-flux.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Ross_Precarity.pdf Shawn Micallef, The Trouble with Brunch (2014). Trent Library e-book.
Week 12: Conclusion: Why study media? Emilie Bickerton, “Culture after Google,” New Left Review 92 (March-April 2015) . Online at: http://newleftreview.org/II/92/emilie-bickerton-culture-after-google
March 30, 2015
Radio Studies lecture 12
Radio is not dead. We’ve come to understand that very clearly.
Canadians listen to about 17 hours of radio a week. In addition, about 20% of Canadians stream an AM or FM radio station online. There is some evidence that younger listeners have become more selective in what they listen to, sometimes turning to music streaming services for background music and to podcasts for specific spoken word programs. But rather than seeing this as the end of a technology (radio is dead) it makes more sense to see it as a response to repetitive playlists and insistent advertising; made worse by the deregulation of commercial radio in the 1980s and 1990s. I had a blast on Friday afternoon, listening to CJLO Concordia University Underground Radio, streaming on iTunes.
Many smart phones have an FM receiver but it is turned off
Music for Wilderness Lake
Charles Dickens in Dombey and Son describes the train flying though the countryside:
… with a shriek, and a roar, and a rattle, from the town, burrowing among the dwellings of men and making the streets hum, flashing out into the meadows for a moment, mining in through the damp earth, booming on in darkness and heavy air, bursting out again into the sunny day so bright and wide; away, with a shriek, and a roar, and a rattle, through the fields, through the woods, through the corn, through the hay, through the chalk, through the mould, through the clay, through the rock… (Quoted by Hendy p. 216)
Industrial factory sounds
At first, about 1900, radio signals were a kind of magic. But by the 1930s radio was an ordinary part of everyday life. Radio sets played in cafes and bars, in homes and apartments. The listening habits of one family were observed by researchers from the BBC in 1938. There is music on the radio, a woman is sewing while waiting for a later program that she prefers, the father and son are having a row, and other family members drift in and out of the room. Neighbours drop by. The one person who was actually listening to the music is in despair. But nobody wants to turn the radio off: it is background, meaningless noise, but still wanted (Hendy, p. 292-3).
Military sounds Humvee truck driving inside convoy assault ops
Add to the engine noise, the banter from other personnel inside the Humvee, noise from the street, and the general stress and tedium of military patrols in a hostile environment. Why would a soldier then add to these confusing layers of sound, programmed music from an iPod? The answer has to do with human agency: to try to wrest back some control in an overwhelming environment.
We are back in New York in Spike Lee’s film Do The Right Thing (1989). Or at least in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighbourhood of Brooklyn. It is a long and hot Summer day. An undercurrent of racial and social-class tensions in the neighbourhood comes to the surface. Sal is proud that the local Afro-American kids have been raised on his Italian pizza, and he also provides a dead-end job as delivery boy to Spike Lee’s character. The tension emerges apparently over visual images: Sal decorates his pizzeria with photos of Italian sports heroes, but the local kids want some brothers up on the wall. (The Afro-American feminist, bell hooks had a few things to say about this.) It is apparently a dispute about about visual representation. But the conflict, when it finally breaks out, is all in sound. Sal shouts like a domineering Italian father and the kids respond with a loud radio that plays “Fight the Power” by Public Enemy. The tension escalates, terrible things are said, violence is done, and then there is silence. But the silence is not peace. At this moment we would do anything to turn back the minutes and have the yelling and the protests and the loud radio. A murderous silence falls over the pizzeria. The police are called, a police officer kills a young black male, and Sal’s pizzeria will go up in flames. The silence, that moment of silence when the radio goes dead is not peace. Here, as elsewhere, silence is death.
Do The Right Thing (9/10) Movie Clip
David Hendy, Noise: A Human History of Sound and Listening (2013)
R. Murray Schafer, My Life on Earth and Elsewhere (2012)
Emily Thompson, The Roaring Twenties: An interactive exploration of the historical soundscape of New York City. Website at: http://vectorsdev.usc.edu/NYCsound/777b.html
Jonathan Sterne, “Sounds Like the Mall of America: Programmed Music and the Architectonics of Commercial Space,” Ethnomusicology (Winter 1997). Online at http://www.u.arizona.edu/~ordover/ENGL101/MallOfAmerica.pdf
Wayne Marshall, Review of How to Wreck a Nice Beach, by Dave Tompkins; and Sonic Warfare by Steve Goodman. Online at http://wayneandwax.com/?p=6697
Steve Goodman, Sonic Warfare (MIT, 2010). Online at: http://asounder.org/resources/goodman_sonicwarfare.pdf
Suzanne G, Cusick, “Music as Torture, Music as Weapon,” Trans (2006). Online at: http://www.sibetrans.com/trans/articulo/152/music-as-torture-music-as-weapon
J. Martin Daughtry, “Acoustic Palimpsests and the Politics of Listening,” Music & Politics (Winter 2013). Online at: http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/mp/9460447.0007.101/–acoustic-palimpsests-and-the-politics-of-listening?rgn=main;view=fulltext
January 9, 2015
MASS MEDIA AND WAR [back row] Alison Landry, Daniel Y Kim, Kashtin Callaghan, Sam Bianco, Bill Watkins, Lindsey Crymble, Kalynn Helmer, Augusta Vanhoof Veno, Colin Francey, Jack Smye, [front row] Cole Armitage, Josh Quantick, Ellen Andrews, Sam Reid, James Marshall, Chris Stipeters, David Ingenito, Christian Wigglesworth, Nathaniel Davidson, Lucas Bokla
RADIO STUDIES [back row] Olivia Kunzel, Chantel Atlema, Erin Crockett, Christine Jose, Daniel Koepfler, Esprit LeCunff, Shelbie Chamberlain, [front row] Brandon Wieser, Allison Landry, San Bianco, Tara Henley, Stelios Pappas, Alex Lamb, Cole Armitage
For an introduction to reportage see the radio program transcript at http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/booksandwriting/the-history-of-reportage/3630450
1927 radio receiver
German playwright and author Bertolt Brecht writes “The Radio as an Apparatus of Communication” in 1926
“Radio is one sided when it should be two. It is purely an apparatus for distribution, for mere sharing out. So here is a positive suggestion: change this apparatus over from distribution to communication. The radio would be the finest possible communication apparatus in public life, a vast network of pipes. That is to say, it would be if it knew how to receive as well as transmit, how to let the listener speak as well as hear, how to bring him into a relationship instead of isolating him. On this principle the radio should step out of the supply business and organise its listeners as suppliers.”
Listen online at: http://vimeo.com/34372553
November 3, 2014
CUST IDST 3532 Issues in Global Media – Fall 2014
Ewen MacAskill, journalist, the Guardian
Video interview with Edward Snowden
Slide show of PRISM program
Implications of Snowden revelations for US-based internet governance organization ICANN
Alan Rusbridger, editor-in-chief of the Guardian
September 12, 2014
July 15, 2014
Please scroll down for Television Studies
CUST 3538H Radio Studies – Winter 2015
Andrew Crisell, Understanding Radio, 2nd edition (Routledge, 1994)
John Mowitt, Radio: Essays in Bad Reception (California, 2011)
The Goldbergs (1929-1946) US radio comedy-drama. Listen at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d-5e0nfXby4
‘Opping ‘Oliday (BBC, 1934). A ‘sound picture’ of London working-class people picking hops in Kent. Listen to clips here: http://www.soundsurvey.org.uk/index.php/survey/radio_recordings/1930s/1424/
Coal (BBC, 1938) Joan Littlewood visits miners in Durham. Listen here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/mining/6916.shtml
Declaration of War (1939) broadcast by Neville Chamberlain. Listen at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rtJ_zbz1NyY
Canadian Farm Forum (CBC Radio, 1941-1965) listen at: http://www.cbc.ca/rewind/episode/2013/04/11/farm-forum-2/
Hancock’s Half Hour (BBC, 1958) Sunday Afternoon at Home. Listen at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mjE5WfweIcU
BBC News (1963) the assassination of President Kennedy. Listen at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lyRXSiGQ31A
97.3 The Dawg (2o10) Chef Jamie Oliver tries to use local radio in Huntington, West Virginia for his food revolution (watch at 2:50 min.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VaIbvmcpSEk
Q (CBC Radio, 2013) Jian Ghomeshi interviews Orange is the New Black star Taylor Schilling . Listen at: http://www.cbc.ca/player/Shows/Shows/Q+with+Jian+Ghomeshi/Interviews/Film+and+TV/ID/2420466987/
The Current (CBC Radio, 2014) A Vital Trade: Selling Syrian organs on Lebanon’s black market. Listen at http://www.cbc.ca/player/Radio/The+Current/ID/2483880036/
1920’s radio receiver from http://www.radioblvd.com/20sRadio.html
Emily Thompson at Princeton University documents the city soundscape in the 1920s, including complaints about radio loudspeakers: http://vectorsdev.usc.edu/NYCsound/777b.html
Sunday Dinner – Radio Memories: Britain in the 1960s. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ieth9gTRaZI
Ward S. Just, an American journalist covering the war in Vietnam in the 1960s, is in a bar in Saigon. The lights are low:
In the background, from a Panasonic hi-fi system, was music from the Armed Forces Radio Network broadcasting station…. It was playing rock, in between pleas for the GI’s to go to church. This was a variation on the theme of athiests in foxholes, a soft-selling singing commercial delivered in close harmony, Ink Spots-style: Don’t you get a little lonely /All by yourself / Out on that limb / Without Him? The last is drawn out, Hmmmmmmm. This follows a subtle if insistent message to the troops not to kill prisoners, and to support the Chieu Hoi (defector) program…. There are also appeals to use the zip code when writing home.
Evelyne Sullerot describes the role of the transistor radio in the student demonstrations of May ’68 in Paris.
Barricades were erected in rue Gay-Lussac on the night of May 10-11. Their volume turned up full, transistors were placed on balconies, the sills of opened windows, the piles of paving stones. Total stereophonics. From every direction, in the whole street, one was bathed in the sound of what was going on: there was complete instantaneousness between event and information, between information and its reception. Information became commingled with the event that was taking place.
CBC Radio: Wachtel On The Arts – Isaac Julien. Listen here: http://www.cbc.ca/ideas/episodes/2014/06/17/wachtel-on-the-arts—isaac-julien/index.html
Theodor W. Adorno, The Psychological Technique of Martin Luther Thomas’ Radio Addresses (Standford, 2000)
Theodor W. Adorno, Current of Music (Polity, 2009)
John Downing, Radical Media (South End Press, 1984)
Jason Loviglio, Radio’s Intimate Public (Minnesota, 2005)
Greg Ruggiero, Microradio and Democracy: (Low) Power to the People (Seven Stories Press, 1999)
Paddy Scannell ed. Broadcast Talk (SAGE, 1991)
Paddy Scannell and David Cardiff, A Social History of British Broadcasting, vol. 1 1922-1939 (Blackwell, 1991)
The Radio Journal [free sample issue with articles on pirate radio and jazz on commercal radio] http://www.intellectbooks.co.uk/journals/view-journal,id=123/
International Journal of Cultural Studies 3:2 (August 2000) special issue on radio ed. Amanda Hopkinson and Jo Tacchi [access through university library]
Canadian Theatre Review (Fall 1982) special issue on Radio: Canada’s Dramatic Voice ed. Robert Wallace [not available online]